Blended and Varietal Wines

Varietal wine dibuat dari single Grape Variety, sedangkan Blended Wine dibuat dari 2/lebih anggur.

Blended wines are made from several different types of wine grapes

The most obvious example is the difference between the two great red wine styles of France. Burgundy red wine is composed of the single variety Pinot noir.   Bordeaux red wines are most often blends of up to five varieties, Cabernet sauvignon, Cabernet franc, Merlot, Malbec and Petit verdot

Mana yang lebih baik single varietal wine or a blend..??

Ketika pembuat anggur memutuskan untuk membuat suatu campuran( Blend),. Itu adalah untuk membuat sesuatu yang lebih besar daripada jumlah bagian-bagiannya. Setiap varietas ditambahkan ke campuran memberikan kontribusi sesuatu untuk produk akhir/final product.

For example, if a Bordeaux left bank property were to make a wine entirely from Cabernet Sauvignon, it might be too ferociously tannic to be palatable( terlalu galak tuk mnjadi lezat ) By blending the softer Merlot, the wine is improved. A dash of Petit Verdot and Cabernet Franc adds extra structure and character.

Which vinyard in france is making a blend wine with 10-13 kinds of grapes?

Chateauneuf de Pape is made with that many grape varieties. It is a southern Rhone wine and a personal favorite, Ke-13 varietas yang diijinkan adalah :

1)Grenache      2)Syrah      3)Mourvèdre        4) Cinsault          5)Muscardin  6)Cournoise      7)Clairette   8)Bourboulenc     9)Picpoul       10)Roussanne
11)Terret Noir   12)Picardan   13)Vaccarese

Apakah blended wine bisa di kategorikan Good wine atau bahkan Bad wine…??

Some of the world’s best wines are blends. They emphasize PLACE over grape. Examples :
Red Bordeaux ; blend of Cabernet, Merlot, Petite Verdot, Malbec and Cabernet Franc. Ch Lafite, Ch Latour, etc.
Red Rhones, blend of Grenace, Syrah as well as dozens of lesser-know grapes. Hermitage, Chateauneuf du Pape, Champagne etc.
Italian wines; Chianti is a blend of Sangiovese, Canaiolo, Merlot and Trebbiano, plus others…
Grape-named wines are a new-world idea. Consumers are more concerned with the grape than the place from which the wines is made.

Different Types of Blending :

1) Vintage Wine Blends  : Vintage wine blends are different grapes grown in the same vintage, or in the same year. This type of blending is most common in Champagne ( charrdonay, pinotnoir, pinot meunier ).

2) Red wine Blends : diantaranya : a) Bordeaux Blends :   Di Perancis, anggur hanya diizinkan untuk digunakan dalam botol berlabel “Bordeaux” adalah:

Cabernet Sauvignon
     Merlot
     Malbec
     mungil Verdot
     Carmenere
     Cabernet Franc

Jika vitner menggunakan setiap buah anggur lainnya, anggur tidak bisa diberi label Bordeaux. Pembuat anggur umumnya memilih 2-3 anggur yang berbeda bentuk daftar Bordeaux disetujui, tapi jarang, jika pernah, menggunakan semua enam buah anggur.

b)Super Tuscan Blends : Super Tuscans punya. Awal mereka pada tahun 1970-an ketika para pembuat anggur Italia memutuskan untuk membuat anggur yang merah baru yang menarik. Italia memiliki hukum yang ketat anggur campuran sesuai dengan origine Denominazione di Controlla e Garantita atau DOCG. Produsen Super Tuscans memutuskan untuk melanggar aturan dan membuat anggur baru dicampur dari anggur yang mereka pilih seperti:

Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Franc
Sangiovese
Syrah
Merlot
mungil Verdot

Sebagai hasil campuran ini vitners nakal ‘anggur, DOCG terjebak super Tuscans di kelas kategori “Table wine” rendah karena mereka tidak sesuai dengan peraturan DOCG. Akhirnya, ini anggur mendapat penunjukan semua mereka sendiri, Indicazione Geografica Tipica atau IGT. Anggur dalam klasifikasi ini jatuh antara apa yang dapat dianggap (tetapi tidak selalu terjadi) kualitas yang lebih tinggi klasifikasi DOCG dan kualitas yang lebih rendah “Table Wine” klasifikasi.

c) Meritage : banyak orang ingin mengucapkan ini sebagai Mer-a-tahj, tetapi tidak, itu Mer-a-TIJ, campuran dari kata merit dan warisan. Anggur Meritage menemukan awal mereka sebagai hasil dari vintners memproduksi campuran Bordeaux gaya anggur( Bordeaux style blend of wine), but the grapes, nor the wine were from Bordeaux. Only wine made in Bordeaux can bear the name.

Sama seperti rekan Perancis, ada aturan untuk sebuah label botol Meritage : sarat-nya antara lain :

Penjual anggur harus menghasilkan 25.000 kasus atau kurang anggur Meritage per tahun (antik).
Ini harus dianggap salah satu perkebunan anggur anggur berkualitas tinggi.
Winery harus disetujui oleh Asosiasi Meritage untuk menggunakan nama pada label. Campuran Meritage dibuat dalam gaya yang sama dan menggunakan anggur yang sama dengan Bordeaux campuran dijelaskan di atas.

3)white wine blends : Tujuan pencampuran adalah untuk membuat anggur secara keseluruhan yang lebih besar daripada jumlah bagian-bagiannya. Beberapa varietas anggur berbagi sinergi besar seperti klasik, kombinasi timehonoured termasuk campuran dari Semillon dan Sauvignon Blanc. Pada beberapa kesempatan mungkin kombinasi lain dari varietas anggur dapat saling melengkapi indah/beutifully, campuran ini mungkin eksklusif untuk satu wilayah atau bahkan produser/single region or even a producer Kadang-kadang anggur yang dicampur dengan buah lainnya dari daerah lain untuk menghasilkan anggur keseimbangan/ greater balance dan kompleksitas/complexity.

contoh dari white wine blends adalah sebagai berikut :

1) ZONNEBLOEM BLANC DE BLANC  :

John Platters *** ½  A fruity, yet dry, medium-bodied wine with dried apricot grassiness and fig flavour on taste. 80% Chenin Blanc & 20% Sauvignon blanc

2) ZEVENWACHT “THE TIN MINE WHITE :

John Platters ****  A rich blend of Sauvignon Blanc, Barrel Fermented Chardonnay and Viognier.  Ripe and exotic, a distinctive, spicy wine that is rich and subtly oaked.  Complex and luscious with layers of creamy citrus and tropical fruit. Celebrates the enterprise of early 20th century miners on the property

3) HAUTE CABRIèRE CHARDONNAY / PINOT NOIR : 

John Platters ****  A versatile 50% Chardonnay, 50% Pinot Noir blend. A blush of pink, a bouquet of peaches and ripe fruit following on to the palate. A masterpiece from a legendary Winemaker – Achim Von Arnim

Australian white blends

Australia Barat adalah pemimpin Australia dalam memproduksi Dry white blends.  Australia’s most famous Classic Dry White comes from the west and was first made in 1937 by the late Jack Mann at Houghton. Western Australia is the home of Classic Dry White aka Semillon Sauvignon Blanc ‘SSB’ or Sauvignon Blanc  Samilllon ‘SBS” The grassiness dari Semillon yang dihasilkan ada cocok dengan alam tropis dari Sauvignon Blanc menghasilkan cahaya, bergairah putih yang Australia cinta. Ini anggur yang sangat populer

Ada banyak lainnya campuran putih besar yang terbuat dari kombinasi tidak mungkin lain dari varietas anggur pelengkap yang baik mencari.    Beberapa campuran seperti Semillon dan Chardonnay muncul terutama karena kebutuhan komersial. Selama 1980-an ketika popularitas Chardonnay melihat pertumbuhan yang besar. Penanaman Chardonnay tidak bisa bersaing dengan permintaan konsumen untuk variasi, jadi itu dicampur dengan Semillon untuk meningkatkan volume dan masih merahasiakan keberadaan Chardonnay di label. Anggur yang dihasilkan lezat, dengan saat ini masih banyak tersedia. Beberapa campuran yang dibuat untuk rumah atau gaya merek, yang memungkinkan gaya anggur yang konsisten, setiap vintage. Apapun campuran, most Australian dry white blends are made to drink young and suit our warm climate when serve chilled.

Testing Notes ;

1st PLACE

1993 Lakewood Chevriot, Clear Lake ($12)
Produced by one of the smallest (3,000 cases) wineries in the Kendall-Jackson family of wineries called “Artisans and Estates,” the ’93 Lakewood Chevriot is a tasty, complex marriage of 70% sauvignon blanc and 30% semillon from estate vineyards in the remote Clear Lake appellation, which is an ideal growing area for these varietals. Fresh, appealing aromas of spicy, apple-pear fruit, mild fig, honeysuckle and a hint of garden herbs are replicated on the palate and enhanced by excellent acidity and a pleasant tartness. Moderately rich with just a touch of oak; smooth finish tinged with citrusundefined.

2nd PLACE

1992 Simi Sendal, Sonoma County, ($18)
Forward, fragrant, deep, inviting scents of spice, melon, citrus and fig, plus well-integrated vanillan oak. Crisp and fresh, smooth and clean in the mouth, with ripe fruit and a lightly grassy edge. A blend of 75% sauvignon blanc and 25% semillon, this is a delicious, elegant, generous wine with excellent acidity. Simi chose the word “Sendal” (pronounced sen-dahl) because sendal describes a sheer silk fabric used for fine clothing. The word accurately echoes the rich, silky texture of this special wine.

3rd PLACE

1993 Carmenet White Meritage, Paragon Vineyard, Edna Valley ($12)
Restrained, yet elegant, aromas of creamy citrus, peach and pear mingled with mild grassiness and light oak. Creamy and rich on the palate, offering mildly tropical and citrus fruit (70% sauvignon blanc and 30% semillon). Good acidity provides the wine’s admirable structure

4th PLACE

1992 Benziger Family Winery “A Tribute,” Sonoma Mountain ($16)
Floral nose suggesting peaches and orange blossoms, with a butterscotch note. The flavorrs focus on apples, pears, lemon grass, figs and coconut. The “Tribute” Meritage wines — both red and white — are produced in honor of winery patriarch Puno Benziger, who passed away in 1989. According to winery co-founder Mike Benziger, “In many ways, these wines are the culmination of all the blood, sweat and tears [my father] put into this land”

5th PLACE

1993 Estancia White Meritage, Monterey County ($12)
Smoky, toasty oak dominates the nose of this blend of 71% sauvignon blanc and 29% semillon, with spicy apple fruit just showing through. The oak dominates the flavors, although there is noticeable fruit suggesting melons and pears, accented by a touch of honey.

6th PLACE

1992 Hidden Cellars Alchemy, Mendocino County ($15.90)
There’s plenty of toasty oak in the aromas from 100% barrel fermentation and 10 months aging on the lees in French barrels, 25% of which were new. The blend is 81% semillon and 19% sauvignon blanc, imparting a particular honied richness to the wine, which offers ripe apple-pear and citrus fruit and good acidity, along with toasty oak in the flavors.

7th PLACE

1993 De Loach Sauvignon Blanc, Russian River Valley ($10)
Fragrant and stylish scents of grapefruit and herbaceousness indicate a dominance of sauvignon blanc. Moderately rich, with good acidity, the generous flavors replicate the nose and are delicious. A perfect wine for grilled fish.

8th PLACE

1993 Quivira Reserve Sauvignon Blanc, Dry Creek Valley ($14)
An estate-grown blend of sauvignon blanc (90%) and semillon (10%), the reserve was vinified in a different style from the winery’s regular sauvignon blanc, having been completely barrel fermented in two-thirds new French oak barrels. It underwent malolactic fermentation and was aged on its lees for five months. The resulting wine offers forward, fragrant scents of orange zest and tangerine, along with medium-char oak. Soft and luscious in the mouth, the flavors replicate the nose. Slightly hot in the finish.

9th PLACE

1992 de Lorimier Spectrum (Meritage), Alexander Valley ($10)
An appealing blend of 78% sauvignon blanc and 22% semillon, the aromas focus on creamy lemon citrus and pleasant grassiness. On the palate, the citrus comes through, accented by ripe pear and mild spice. A clean, well-made wine with good acidity.

10th PLACE

1993 Husch Sauvignon Blanc, La Ribera Vineyards, Mendocino County ($11)
This wine is 100% sauvignon blanc, and was included in the tasting to see whether a nonblended wine that was nevertheless completely barrel fermented would show well against the wines blended in the Bordeaux tradition. While the foregoing wines showed more complexity, the Husch Sauvignon Blanc was notable for its subtle aromas of banana, pineapple, honeysuckle and jasmine, enhanced by roasted almond scents from the oak. More fruity than herbaceous, the lively flavors suggest lemon grass and light almond toast, with honey and vanilla nuances.

ELEVENTH PLACE

1993 Vichon Chevrignon, Napa Valley ($7.50)
Some tasters really appreciated the exuberant grassiness of this 50-50 blend of sauvignon blanc and semillon, but the majority considered the wine too stylish and herbal. The minority found the Chevrignon extremely appealing, with all that herbaceousness matched by delicious lemon citrus. This is a generous wine with a rich, silky texture and a long finish that reminds one of freshly chopped Anaheim chile.

TWELFTH PLACE

1990 Chateau Carbonnieux, Pessac-Leognan ($19)
Not much to like here: too much sulfur in the nose and on the palate. Even after airing for more than an hour, the stinkiness wouldn’t dissipate. And it was rough in the balance. Not recommended.

baca juga dilink di bawah ini :

http://www.winewithoutbs.com.au/wine_without_bs/2010/10/multiple-varietal-white-blends.html


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s